Geography

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Samburu County encompasses an area of roughly 21,000 km2 and is the 10th largest of Kenya’s 47 counties, in terms of size. Its administrative capital is Maralal town. Samburu’s outline forms a triangle with the Ewaso Nyiro River as its base in the south, Lake Turkana at its northernmost tip, the Great Rift Valley as its western edge and the boundary with Marsabit and Isiolo Counties at its eastern side.

The vastness of Samburu Land offers an unrivalled collection of impressive natural landscapes, ranging from volcanoes and deserts in the Suguta Valley, semi-arid grass lands, bush and sand rivers in the Great Plains to ancient mountains with impressive granite features.

Ololokwe, Ol Lenkiyo (or Mathew’s Range), Ndoto and Ngiro mountains form islands of thick indigenous forest surrounded by semi desert. To the very north, Samburu borders Lake Turkana, the famous Jade Sea, where some of the most significant findings of early man have been made, earning it the title ‘Cradle of Mankind’.

Samburu Land is so diverse that it owns or shares four of the 50 Treasures of Kenya: The Treasure of Samburu, Buffalo Springs and Shaba National Reserves; the Treasure of Ol Lenkiyo, Ndoto and Ngiro Mountains; The Treasure of Lake Turkana; and the Treasure of Kirisia Hills and the Escarpment.